How to Write an Issue Paper


An issue paper is a typical assignment in high school, college, and university settings where analytical writing is a hallmark. An issue paper expresses a focused perspective on a subject or problem by presenting arguments and supporting information on an issue-based topic. It is a concise essay designed to persuade readers—typically politicians, legislators, business executives, people, or governmental bodies—to solve specific social concerns. Such articles concentrate on national, regional, and international topics, intending to identify appropriate and long-lasting solutions. Consider it more in the form of a problem-solution essay.

Although it may appear complicated at first, writing an issue paper is extremely simple if you know how to accomplish it. Since so many students often struggle to create problem papers, we have put together an in-depth tutorial that will go through the fundamentals of doing so.

Writing a convincing issue paper

You may utilize the comprehensive essay writing instructions we’ve created to compose almost any essay or academic assignment. Here are the steps for writing an issue paper you may do; however, remember that an issue paper explicitly focuses on a problem and its solution.

1.      Decide on a primary concern

If you are permitted to choose a particular topic of interest to discuss in your paper, you must exercise critical thought, research, and decide on a topic. When requested to write an issue paper, you are often expected to address topics with broad regional, national, and international appeal.

Numerous such problems have an impact on society in many ways. For instance, you may write on global health systems, corruption, inadequate governance, and global security. We have a thorough list of social concerns you may choose from for your issue paper elsewhere on our site. You may read relevant articles in newspapers, periodicals, journals, books, course materials, magazines, or the internet. You may also check whether your chosen topic satisfies the requirements or ask your instructor for suggestions.

Consider the guidelines supplied by your professor or teacher while choosing a problem. They will often provide you with scope. For instance, they could be very interested in matters of national concern that have an impact on you or your neighborhood. That has to be reflected in the topic you choose for the paper.

You might choose a topic that is controversial or ambiguous. It should take sides with or impact specific individuals or stakeholders. Additionally, the problem should be one in which you are eager to promote a solution.

To help you choose a problem, consider these questions.

  • What makes this problem the best one to study?
  • Does the problem fit the requirements outlined in the rubric or essay question?
  • Do you want to find a solution to the problems?
  • Does the problem impact you or your neighborhood?
  • Is the subject contentious or urgently in need of resolution?
  • Who are the relevant interested parties or stakeholders?

2.      Conduct an initial search

You must go on a fact-finding journey after deciding on a problem that interests you from a possible selection of issues that satisfy the rubric’s requirements. To define and situate the problem, go through dictionaries, encyclopedias, and manuals. To acquaint yourself with the problem and make plans around it, you may also look at books, official papers, academic journals, blogs, publications, and reports online.

You may decide on your paper’s topic by doing preliminary research. It aids in developing your thesis statement and determining a particular area of interest, given the problem. You may find high-caliber academic sources of material to include in your work later on by researching the topic.

As you research, you will create a research question that will assist you in developing a subject and a catchy essay title. You may ask, “Should wealthy nations compensate poor countries for hurting the environment more?” for example. Instead, you might choose “Should males earn more money than women? Or “should males be allowed paternity leave as well?”

You may better structure your argument by asking a question like that. As you compose the paper, it helps you address your possible audience and, as a result, fulfill the criteria. The response to these questions may determine your essay title.

While doing your research, you should take notes and catalog and save the sources for later planning and writing of your problem paper’s first draft.

3.      Produce a title

You need to develop a title for your essay using the information you have learned and the insights you have gained. Your readers will be interested in your issue paper from the moment they open it up if it has an intriguing title.

A strong essay title clearly states the subject and essential terms. It is concise, compelling, and short. Your issue paper’s title should be no more than 10-15 words. Your subject should be described in the title using keywords. By reading the title of your problem paper, you may help the readers comprehend the topic at hand.

4.      Construct a thesis assertion

Make a complete and preliminary thesis statement and select a catchy title. It is tentative because you may revise it as you create the body paragraphs or as you do research for and compose the issue paper.

Like any essay or academic paper, the thesis statement for an issue paper should consist of one or two lines that summarize your article’s main points (key concepts).

As you investigated, you formed opinions, chose a side, and resolved to stay with it. You subsequently use these perceptions, observations, and justifications to create your thesis.

Give the audience a summary of the article in one or two sentences. It must be a claim related to your subject. Claiming your subject will help you develop it into a thesis statement.

Review your research sources, consider what you feel to be accurate and what the readers need to know, and then create a sentence outlining the main points of your problem paper to polish your thesis. Browsing through our thesis statement writing guide for more information on thesis statements.

5.      Construct a plan

You must outline your issue paper now that you have the fundamentals. By organizing the essay into a successful one using an outline, you may compose the first draft of your paper while keeping in mind the outcome.

Identify and list the attention-getters, background information, thesis statement, critical arguments, supporting concepts, suggestions, examples, and conclusions in the skeleton of your essay.

Dissect the whole document in the order you want it to appear after writing. Review the evaluation criteria and the assignment requirements while you create your outline so that you may specify the paper’s scope. For instance, you know that your paper’s introduction and conclusion should each make up 10% of the overall length. This knowledge aids in organizing and planning the body paragraphs, which comprise about 80% of your essay.

You’ll be able to see whether your essay needs three or more body paragraphs.

6.      Compose the issue paper’s first draft

The next stage is to create the first draft when the outline has captured all the ideas and plans. Writing should always come first, while writing and editing should come last. This writing philosophy or method enables you to explore ideas and maintain the flow of your writing before concentrating on refining the final product.

You may either begin with the beginning and go on to the end of your essay or start with the body paragraphs, the introduction, and the conclusion. Any strategy should be effective as long as the final product is the first draft of your problem paper.

Make sure to include a good hook or attention-getter in the introduction. The first line of your introduction, which comes after the title, should persuade the audience that the work is worthwhile reading. You might incorporate information on the subject, such as statistics or claims, to pique readers’ curiosity and encourage them to read more. The background knowledge about the subject is the next phase. Explain to the readers why the issue is important, why they should be interested in discussing it, and why you felt it was appropriate. Present the thesis statement at the end.

Depending on the primary ideas you have, divide the body paragraphs. Remember that each of the body paragraphs must support your thesis statement. As a result, each subject sentence has to be distinct and focus on only one notion related to your thesis. The body paragraphs of your essay should provide your opinion on the subject. And as you do so, defend your thesis by outlining the reasons for and against your stance. When creating the body paragraphs, use academic jargon and transition words to provide a proper flow of thoughts.

Finally, a summary of your essay should be included at the end. Reiterate the thesis, condense the key points, and urge your audience to take action.

Some individuals like to write the introduction last, which is OK if the work flows well. If you want to do this, make sure the introduction outlines the paper’s direction.

7.      Polish up the paper

You may have hurried over and made errors because you were so intent on writing, which is also OK. It is best to take a break from writing after completing the first draft to gain objectivity, develop new ideas, and polish the work without prejudice. Consider your audience and your professor’s directions as you finalize the paper.

Check your document for grammar, punctuation, and linguistic issues, then fix them. Then, review your paper and verify the tenses, voice, diction, and grammar. Make sure that your essay makes sense from beginning to end. Make sure the paper achieves the highest score in the rubric as you edit, proofread, and rewrite it. Ensure that an accurate in-text reference follows each paraphrased quote from a source.

Additionally, if you have cited any quotations, style them properly and provide the exact page number from the source.

Use grammar checkers like Grammarly or Hemmingway Editor to weed out problems from your article.

If you want to avoid being accused of plagiarism after you submit the work, you may also run it via plagiarism detection software to make corrections and lower similarity levels.

Formatting an issue paper

Like any other essay or academic document, your issue paper should be appropriately structured since this is a key aspect of knowing how to write issue papers. The Issue Paper Structure is as follows:

Fonts: written in the 12-point Times New Roman font in a word processor.

No single-spacing, no additional spaces between paragraphs, and double-spaced. Use single-spacing only when instructed to do so by your instructor.

Header: Include a heading or cover page that includes the course information, the instructor’s name, your name, and the date.

Margins: Top, bottom, left, and right margins should all be one inch.

Page Numbers: Following the chosen formatting style, there should be page numbers (APA, MLA, Chicago, or Harvard formats).

Essay title: The essay’s title should be in the same typeface as the essay’s body.

The first line of each paragraph should be indented.

The essay’s text should be oriented to the left rather than to justify it.

When preparing your topic paper, adhere to the recommended formatting guidelines, such as MLA, APA, or Chicago styles.

The format of an Issue paper

You may be curious about the contents of an issue paper. Well, given that it includes arguments on a specific problem and the most effective ways to handle it, you should format your topic paper in the manner described below:

  • Heading/cover page

The information about the course, your institution, and your professor may be found on an issue paper’s title or cover page. The title must be included, explicitly worded, and styled following the necessary formatting style. This is the first section or page of your essay.

  • Introduction

An issue paper’s beginning clarifies the topic, making it more straightforward for the reader to understand what your work is about. It ought to include the following:

A hook or attention-getter. The reader is immediately drawn in by this statement. It serves as the first line of your introduction. It might be a number, a fact, a backgrounder from the past, or a declaration.

Justify the value of researching the subject or problem in question.

Thesis assertion The main idea of your essay.

  • Body sentences

The statements you make in your essay to support your thesis statement are the main subject of the body paragraphs.

Each body paragraph has to include the following:

A phrase with a theme. Your readers will know what the paragraph is about from that. It must focus on a distinct and particular facet of the subject.

Supporting phrases are a string of phrases that provide proof, resources, and instances to back up the assertion made in the main sentence.

Finishing phrase. To conclude the paragraph’s discussion and lead the reader into the next.

  • Conclusion

Your essay’s conclusion shouldn’t introduce any brand-new details. Instead, it should have the following:

  1. A phrase in which you reiterate or rephrase your thesis
  2. A string of words restating your essay’s core ideas
  3. A concluding assertion, recommendation, comment, or appeal to the reader of the essay
  4. The reader should be sent back to the introduction as it completes the story and the loop in your writing.
  • List of references

The sources you used to research and write your issue paper should be included in the paper’s references. According to the chosen writing and formatting style, such as APA, MLA, or Harvard, construct the reference list. The order of the list should be A-Z alphabetically.

And if you included any figures (graphs, images, photos, tables, or illustrations) in your essay, please place them in the portion of the document that follows after the reference list, called the appendices. Make sure to utilize the proper names in the body following the chosen/identified formatting style (APA, MLA, or Harvard).

In conclusion

You might be wondering, “who will offer help writing my issue paper” considering that you might have a tight schedule, however, do not fret. At, you can hire someone to write issue papers for you. No more questions of “how will I do my issue paper” since we offer issue paper writing help at an affordable cost.

Also Read: How To Write A 3000-Word Essay


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