Pre-operative nursing care


The period before a patient is admitted to a medical facility for further treatment during which they are under the care of a nurse is known as pre-operative nursing care. This care includes ensuring that the patient is comfortable, providing the necessary medical supplies and equipment, and monitoring how the patient is doing.

What is the importance of pre-operative care?

Patients prepared for their surgery both physically and mentally typically have a better prognosis following surgical procedures. The patient will have a complete grasp of the process and be better prepared for it if the healthcare team appropriately communicates with them. This is essential for every invasive procedure, regardless of how little or significant it is.

How to provide pre-operative nursing care to patients

There is no one-size-fits-all answer to this question, as a patient’s pre-operative care will vary depending on their medical history and surgical procedure. Some tips on providing pre-operative nursing care to patients include providing adequate hydration, keeping them comfortable, and providing them with meals and snacks. Additionally, nurses should familiarize themselves with the patient’s surgery and care plans and any medications they may be taking to provide the best pre-operative care possible.

What are the three phases of pre-operative nursing?

The three phases of pre-operative nursing are pre-operative assessment, pre-operative care, and postoperative care. Pre-operative assessment includes asking the patient what type of surgery they are scheduled for and what medicines they are taking. Pre-operative care includes providing the patient with information on their condition and providing them with necessary bed rest and therapeutic measures. Postoperative care includes taking care of patients during and after surgery, keeping them healthy, and monitoring their progress.

What are the steps in pre-operative nursing care preparation

The diagnosis will determine your surgical prep. You and your doctor will go over pre-op instructions before your operation. You may be requested to perform the following, however, if you will be under general anaesthesia:

  • A predetermined fasting interval must elapse before the operation.
  • Before surgery, you should wash or clean the region and, if necessary, shave it.
  • Prepare for surgery by undergoing diagnostic procedures such as blood tests, x-rays, electrocardiograms, etc.

To prevent any complications during surgery, it is not uncommon for doctors to recommend an enema the night before. Consult a doctor if you’re worried.

  • Remove all makeup on the day of your operation.
  • Stop painting your nails!
  • Put your contact lenses away.
  • Don’t bring anything of value.
  • Dentures and other prosthetic devices should be mentioned to medical staff.

Frequently, patients are instructed to bring the following items to have a more pleasant and productive experience:

  • Loose garments to put on
  • Code from the social security card
  • The details of the insurance

What are the roles of a nurse in pre-operative nursing care

  1. We assist patients with pre-operative tasks, such as filling out paperwork and answering questions or easing concerns regarding surgery.
  2. Keeping tabs on a patient before, during, and after an operation
  3. Choosing and delivering surgical equipment and materials to the operating surgeon (sometimes referred to as a scrub nurse)
  4. Controlling the flow of nursing care in or ensuring the health and comfort of patients undergoing surgery (sometimes referred to as a circulating nurse)
  5. Patient education on post-treatment care techniques, such as managing pain and maintaining clean wounds
  6. Maintaining a sterile environment in operating rooms and on surgical equipment

All in all

Pre-operative care prepares patients for surgery and the care they get in the hours leading up to the procedure. Pre-operative care alleviates anxiety and tension before surgery by providing more information about what to expect. Both mental and bodily fitness is required. The decision to operate marks the beginning of the pre-operative phase, which concludes with the patient’s transfer to the operating room. This is when both the patient and the parent feel most helpless and anxious. Hire us at for all your nursing assignments.

Related Article: Informative Guide on Patient Management


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