Research report: format, examples, parts, types, and samples


One reason for conducting research is to add to the existing knowledge base. As a result, when carrying out research, you must document your methods and results in a research report. A research report simplifies the findings of your systematic investigation and any gaps that require further investigation. Writing a detailed research report will come in handy when conducting research.

What is a research report?

A research report is a well-written document that details the processes, data, and findings of a thorough investigation. It is an important document that provides the first account of the research process and is generally regarded as an accurate and objective source of information.

A research report can be thought of as a summary of the study process that top reasons, findings, suggestions, and other vital details. A very well research report must provide you with all the information you require about the critical areas of the research process.

Research report types

The research report is divided into two categories: research nature and target audience.

1.     Nature of research

  • Qualitative research report

This is the kind of report that is created for qualitative research. It describes a qualitative systematic investigation method’s methods, procedures, and findings. A qualitative research report in educational research allows one to apply skills and acquire knowledge in preparing and carrying out qualitative research projects.

A qualitative research report is typically descriptive. As a result, in addition to presenting research process details, you must create an explanatory story.

  • Quantitative research report

A quantitative research report is a research report written for quantitative research. To find answers to research questions, a quantitative study is a type of systematic inquiry that focuses on numerical or statistical values.

The researcher presents quantitative data to support this report’s research process and findings. Unlike a qualitative research report, which is primarily descriptive, a quantitative research report is numerical.

2.     Prospective clientele

A research report can also be classified as technical or famous based on its intended audience. If you’re addressing a general audience, you should submit a popular research report; if you’re managing a specialized viewing public, you should offer a technical description.

  • Report on technical research

A technical research report is a comprehensive document you present after conducting industry research. This study is highly specialized since it provides information to a technical audience, i.e., people with an above understanding of the subject.

In a technical research report, the researcher must provide specific details about the study process, such as statistical tests and sampling methods. Language usage is highly specialized and rife with jargon. Legal and medical research reports are two examples of technical research reports.

  • Report on popular research

A popular research report is written for a general audience or people who do not necessarily have prior knowledge in the field of study. A well-known research report intends to make information available to everyone.

It is written in simple language, making the conclusions and recommendations easy to understand. Widespread research reports include information found in newspapers and magazines.

Purpose of a research report

  • Knowledge transfer: As previously stated, one of the reasons for conducting research is to add to the existing body of knowledge, which is made possible by a research report. A research report is used to communicate the research results of a systematic inquiry to the general public effectively.
  • Identifying knowledge gaps: A research report would allow you to identify gaps in knowledge for further investigation. A research report describes what has been done while strongly hinting at other areas that require further investigation.
  • A research report in market research can help you understand the market’s needs and particularities at a glance.
  • A research report enables you to present the information precisely and concisely.
  • It is time-efficient and valuable because you can spend time in person detailing the research results of your research work in a research report. You can efficiently distribute the information via email to stakeholders.

A research report format and research report examples

·       Introduction

The researcher emphasizes the systematic investigation’s aims, objectives, and problems that the routine examination seeks to solve. When writing the report introduction, it is essential to indicate whether the research objectives were met or would require additional work.

The researcher stipulates the research problem and discusses the importance of systematic inquiry in the introduction section. In addition, the researcher is required to outline any slang and terminologies found in the research.

·       Review of literature

A literature review is a written examination of existing knowledge in a particular field of study. In other words, this is the section in which you provide an overall view and analysis of various research works related to your systematic inquiry.

It highlights existing studies’ knowledge and areas requiring further investigation of the kind your research attempted to fill. At this point, you can also mention your study hypothesis and its possible repercussions for the existing body of information in your field.

·       An investigation report

This is a detailed description of the research methodology, sample, and study participants. In this section, you are expected to provide detailed information about the research process, including data collection and analysis procedures.

You must include information from surveys, questionnaires, and other quantitative methods of data collection used in your research in a quantitative research report. You are anticipated to describe the qualitative data used in your research, such as interviews and focus groups, in a qualitative research report.

·       Findings

You are expected to present the detailed examination findings in this section.

·       Discussion

This section expands on the earlier-mentioned research findings. You are expected to justify each outcome and demonstrate whether the results are consistent with your hypotheses or if previous research studies have produced similar results.

·       Conclusions

This is a summary of everything in the report. It also explains the importance of the entire study.

·       Appendices and references

This section includes a complete list of all primary and secondary research sources.

Research report writing

Define the report’s context

As with writing an essay, defining the background for your research report will assist you in creating a detailed yet concise document. This is why, before you begin writing, you should outline to ensure that you notice everything.

Define your target audience

The report’s tone is determined by writing with your audience in mind. If you’re writing for a mainstream audience, you should present the information straightforwardly and understandably. You need to use technical and ground terms for a specialized audience.

Include important findings

The purpose of a research report is to present a condensed version of your systematic inquiry. You should exclude useless details from your account while emphasizing only essential data and findings.

Incorporate illustrations

Your research report should include illustrations and other pictorial elements of your data. Graphs, charts, and find suitable add credibility to your thorough investigation.

Select the appropriate title

A good research report title is concise and includes keywords from your research. It should give readers a clear idea of one’s systematic inquiry so they can understand the entire focus of one’s research from the title.

Check the report for errors

Before publishing the document, please review it to double-check the information. Have someone else look over the report, and you can also run that through edit and proofreading software.

Step-by-step instructions for creating an online questionnaire with form plus

·       Log in to Formplus

You can easily create multiple internet questionnaires for one’s research in the Formplus builder by dragging and dropping your favored fields into your form. To use the Formplus builder, you must first sign up for a Formplus account.

Sign in to your consideration and click on Innovate form to start.

  1. Edit Form Title: In the field provided, enter your form title, such as “Research Questionnaire.”
  2. Edit Form: To edit the form, click the edit icon.
  3. Add Fields: In the Formplus builder inputs column, drag and drop preferred required fields into your form. In the Formplus builder, there are various field input choices for questionnaires.
  4. Modify fields
  5. Press the “Save” button.
  6. Form Customization: Using the form builder’s form customization options, you can easily change the appearance of your form and make it more distinctive and personalized. Formplus allows you to customize your form theme, add wallpapers, and even change the font.
  7. Multiple Sharing Options: Formplus provides various form-sharing options, allowing you to share your survey with respondents easily. Using the direct social sharing buttons, you can share your form link on your organization’s social media pages. You can also send your survey form to your test subjects as email invitations. You can share your Form’s QR code or incorporate it on your organization’s website.

Bottom line

Always remember that a research study is just as crucial as the actual systematic inquiry because it is essential in communicating research findings to others. You must start creating a concise file summarizing the research process. We’ve outlined crucial points that will assist you in generating a research report in this article. Keep the audience in mind when writing your account, as this will set the tone again for a document.


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